OUSD Pay and Benefits Analysis (Current)

Oceanside Unified 2018 Compensation Analysis

The following analysis is derived using data available from various sources as listed in the “References/Data Sources”. A link to a folder where I’ve stored the actual calculations involved is there as well.

For a full description of the methodology used, see “Methodology”.

What I’ve outlined below is based on facts and verifiable data, for common questions and my opinions on some of these issues, see “OUSD Pay Analysis FAQ”.

Data for this analysis was from a period starting in 2012 and ending in 2018, based on the latest pay data available from the sources listed.

San Diego County Compensation

As a baseline for comparison to compensation levels normal in private industry in this area, I’m using statistics for private industry as reported by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). 

The ACS does not yet have data available for 2018, however we can look at past data from 2012 through 2017 and use the growth rates for that period as a guide to project 2018 values (as noted).

Average County Wages

According to the BLS, in 2018 the average pay of private industry workers in the county was $60,260/year.

For the period 2012-2018 the BLS Compound Average Growth Rate (CAGR) of wages was 2.21%/year.

Median Wages by Educational Attainment

To determine comparable wages by educational attainment I use ACS numbers, which are reported as  median values.

According to the ACS in 2017 the median county resident with a bachelor’s degree made $57,697/year.  The median for those with graduate or professional degrees was $81,872/year.   

The exact mix of educational attainment for OUSD teachers is not available as public data, however in 2016 the California Legislative Analyst’s Office published a study (linked below) that determined 58% of teachers in the state had bachelor’s degrees, the remaining 42% had a master’s degree or higher.

I have no district-specific data for OUSD’s mix and so will assume OUSD’s workforce has a similar mix of educational attainment.

If we adjust the ACS numbers to weight them according to this 58/42% mix, the average SD County resident with educational attainment similar to the teacher workforce made $67,851 in 2017.

For the period 2012-2017, the CAGR for ACS educational attainment weighted wages was 2.68%.

Accordingly, the projected comparable wage for 2018 would be $69,669/year ($67,851 + 2.68%.)

Oceanside Unified Compensation

Using public pay data reported by Oceanside Unified, obtained through California Public Records Act requests and posted on the Transparent California website, we find:

All Full-Time Employees

In 2018, the average total pay of all 1535 full-time OUSD employees was $71,949/year.

This is $11,689/year, or 19.40% more than average county residents.

In 2018, the average total pay for all 855 full-time employees who have been with the district since 2012 was $79,156/year.  The median for such employees is $87,583/year.

In 2012, the average total pay for the same employees was $64,738/year.  Median was $72,235/year.

Since 2012, this cohort of employees has had their average total pay increase by $14,418/year (or 22.27%), with a CAGR of 3.41%. 

This growth rate is 1.54 times greater than growth for the average county resident during this period.

Median total pay for this group increased with a CAGR of 3.26%.

Administrative Employees

In 2018, the average total pay for 68 full-time administrative employees was $110,899/year.  The median for such employees was $114,979/year.

In 2018, the average total pay for the 41 full-time administrative employees who have been with the district since 2012 was $115,430/year.  The median for such employees is $116,117/year.

In 2012, the average total pay for the same employees was $90,163/year.  Median was $86,501/year.

Since 2012, this cohort of employees has had their average total pay increase by $25,267/year (or 28.02%), with CAGR of 4.20%. 

This growth rate is 1.90 times greater than growth for the average county resident during this period.

Median total pay for this group increased with a CAGR of 5.03%.

Certificated Employees

In 2018, the average total pay for 937 full-time certificated employees was $83,564/year.  The median for such employees is $87,849/year.

In 2018, the average total pay for the 523 full-time certificated employees who have been with the district since 2012 was $91,683/year.  The median for such employees is $97,000/year.

In 2012, the average total pay for these employees was $76,376/year.  Median was $77,738/year.

Since 2012, this cohort of employees has had their average total pay increase by $15,307/year (or 20.04%), with CAGR of 3.09%. 

This growth rate is 1.40 times greater than growth for the average county resident during this period. 

Median total pay for this group increased with a CAGR of 3.76%.

In the Certificated group, the case is often made that teachers should be paid commensurate with their educational attainment, based on what they would be likely to make with the same education if they were working in private industry.

Comparing OUSD Certificated employees to the median for county residents with comparable educational attainment, we see that the 2018 OUSD certificated full-time median total pay (of $87,849/year) is $18,180/year, or 26.10%, higher than the median for comparably educated SD county residents of $69,669/year.

Budget Impact

Since passage of prop 30 in 2012, according to the CDE’s “Current Expense of Education” data the average expense per student in Oceanside Unified has grown from $8,209/ADA in 2012 to $12,181/ADA in 2018.   This is an overall increase of 48.38%, with a compound average annual growth rate of 6.80%.

During this same time, inflation has gone up at a rate of 1.50%/year.

Given that the District is not bankrupt (meaning their incoming revenue roughly matches their expense of education), this means the revenue coming in to the district to support their spending has grown at a rate 4.52 times faster than inflation.

However, even with that the district is, as many are, having financial difficulties.

Wage growth at higher rates than average for residents of the area, of course, has budgetary impact.

If the growth in pay had been kept to rates equivalent to that being given to all other county residents, the growth in this expense would be significantly lower than actual results.

Looking at just the cohort of employees who have been with the district since 2012 (not the entire employee base of the district, just a sub-set), we see if this group’s total pay growth had matched that of average county resident the net budgetary impact (for this group only) would have been a reduction in annual total pay cost to the district of $4,566,478 per year.

Of course if we assume the employees who have not been with the district since 2012 are also benefiting from the same rate of wage growth, this number would be even higher.

And, also of course, given that pension contributions are determined as a percentage of pay, higher pay exacerbates the difficulties the district is having with the growth in pension obligations as well.

My data source files for this analysis are posted at

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/10jo5sRzJktKJ8BF88Be_s6uL8RviYxmt?usp=sharing

For anyone who would like to check the math…

If anyone has any issues with this data or would like to discuss, you can contact me via email at ousd@maddisonweb.com

Thanks!