Oceanside Unified 2018 Compensation Analysis
The following analysis is derived using data available from various sources as listed in the “References/Data Sources”.
For a full description of the methodology used, see “Methodology”.
San Diego County Compensation
As a baseline for comparison to compensation levels normal in private industry in this area, I’m using statistics for private industry as reported by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS).
Neither have data yet available for 2018, however we can look at past data from 2012 through 2017 and use the growth rates for that period as a guide to project 2018 values (as noted).
Average County Wages
According to the BLS, in 2017 the average pay of private industry workers in the county was $58,275/year.
For the period 2012-2017 the BLS Compound Average Growth Rate (CAGR) of wages was 1.97% per year.
Using this data, the projected 2018 average wages would be $59,425/year ($58,275 + 1.97%)
Using a standard 2080 hour full-time work-year, this is an average rate of $28.57/hour.
Median Wages by Educational Attainment
To determine comparable wages by educational attainment, I use ACS numbers, which are reported as median values.
According to the ACS in 2017 the median county resident with a bachelor’s degree made $57,697/year. The median for those with graduate or professional degrees was $81,872/year.
The exact mix of educational attainment for OUSD teachers is not available as public data, however in 2016 the California Legislative Analyst’s Office published a study (linked below) that determined 58% of teachers in the state had bachelor’s degrees, the remaining 42% had a master’s degree or higher.
I have no district-specific
data for OUSD’s mix and so will assume OUSD’s workforce has a similar mix of educational
If we adjust the ACS numbers to weight them according to this 58/42% mix, the average SD County resident with educational attainment similar to the teacher workforce made $67,851 in 2017.
For the period 2012-2017, the CAGR for ACS educational attainment weighted wages was 2.68%.
Accordingly, the projected comparable wage for 2018 would be $69,669/year ($67,851 + 2.68%.)
Using a standard 2080 hour full-time work-year, this is an average rate of $33.49/hour.
Oceanside Unified Compensation
Using public pay data reported by OUSD, obtained through California Public Records Act requests and posted on the Transparent California website, we find:
In 2018, the average total pay of all 1,805 full-time OSUD employees listed was $65,621/year.
This is $6,196/year, or 10.43% more than average county residents.
Using a standard 2080 hour full-time work-year, this is an average rate of $31.55/hour.
The average wage for all full-time employees who have been with the district since 2012 (843 employees) is $79,930/year. The median for such employees is $90,120/year.
Since 2012, this cohort of employees has had their average total pay increase at a CAGR of 5.49%. Median total pay has increased at a CAGR of 6.49%.
This growth rate is 2.79 times greater than the rate of growth for the average county resident during this period.
In 2018, the average total pay for 69 full-time administrative employees was $110,899/year. The median for such employees is $114,979/year.
Using a standard 2080 hour
full-time work-year, this is an average rate of $53.32/hour, and a median rate of $55.28/hour.
The average total pay for administrative employees who have been with the district since 2012 (39 employees) is $118,893/year. The median for such employees is $121,375/year.
Since 2012, this cohort of employees has had their average total pay increase at a CAGR of 7.26%. Median pay has increased at a CAGR of 7.08%.
This growth rate is 3.69 times greater than the rate of growth for the average county resident during this period.
In 2018, the average total pay for 906 certificated
employees was $83,260/year. The median for such employees is $87,599/year.
The OTA agreement effective 7/1/18 (item 10.13) specifies a 185 day work-year with 7.5 hour work-days (item 10.1.1), however this work-day includes a non-working lunch period. No specific lunch period time is given, however CA labor law specifies employees must be given at least 30 minutes.
Subtracting this from 7.5 hours gives us a 7 hour actual work-day. This gives us total work-year of 1295 hours. This gives us an average rate of $40.03/hour and a median rate of $42.11/hour.
The average total pay for certificated employees who have been with the district since 2012 (245 employees) is $98,139/year. The median for such employees is $99,795/year.
Since 2012, this group of continuing employees has had their average total pay increase at a CAGR of 4.25%. Median pay has increased a CAGR of 4.50%.
This growth rate is 2.16 times greater than the wage growth for the average county resident during this period. The median rate is 2.28 times greater.
Comparing OUSD Certificated employees to the median for
county residents with comparable educational attainment, we see that the OUSD certificated
median total pay is $17,890/year, or
25.68%, higher than the median for
comparably educated SD county residents.
The OUSD median CAGR is 1.68 times higher.
Wage growth at higher rates than outside the district, of course, has budgetary impact.
After growth in pension contributions, growth in pay is the largest increase in expense in the OUSD budget since 2012.
From these calculations we can see if the growth in pay had
been kept to rates equivalent to that being given to all other county
residents, the growth in this expense would be significantly lower than actual
Looking at just the cohort of employees who have been with the district since 2012, we see if this group’s total pay growth had matched that of average county resident the net budgetary impact (for this group only) would have been a reduction in annual total pay cost to the district of $12,393,505.
Pension contributions by the
district are calculated as a percentage of pay, so increased wage growth rates
also impacts pension contribution expense.
For 2018-2019, the CalSTRS district contribution rate is 16.28%. The CalPERS rate is 18.062%. I do not know the exact mix of STRS vs. PERS members in the district, but if we assume 50-50 then the average of the two numbers is 17.171%.
Applying this to the $12M additional pay cost gives us an additional $2,128,088 in expense as a result.
There are, of course, other expenses that are based on a percentage of wages (worker’s compensation, life insurance premiums, etc) however those are difficult to determine from the data.
So, for just this cohort, we see the total budget impact of higher wage growth rates is $14,531,593 per year.
For reference, in 2018-19 OUSD is scheduled to receive $25,691.751 in Educational Protection Account funds, from the additional tax money raised via Proposition 30.
This means about 57% of the funds provided by this tax increase are currently being spent on this wage growth.
Also for reference, actual OUSD third interim budget report (5/14/19) projects deficiencies of:
Meaning that if wage growth had been restrained, we would likely have at least an extra $12M/year now to spend on other things.
Contracted Work Hours
From the OTA contract dated July 1st,
2015, section 10.1.1, the certificated work day is defined as being 7.5 hours, including lunch
(which is paid for but defined as a “duty-free” period.) The certificated work year (section 10.13) is
defined as being 185 days.
Accordingly, if one multiplies 185 days * 7.5 hours, the contracted paid hours = 1387.50.
Subtracting one hour
for lunch, the contracted “actual work hours” (my term) = 1202.50.
“Full Time” for private workers is defined as 8 hours per day, five days per week, or a total of 2080 hours per year. Typically private industry gives “time off” of the “Big 6” holidays, 3 “sick days”, and two weeks (10 days) of vacation. Removing those from “work hours” gives us a total of 1928 “actual work hours” for most people.
Accordingly the certificated work year is 725.5 hours (37.63%) shorter than a private industry work year.
In order to assume that teachers put in enough extra hours during their 185 work days to bring them up to the same 1928-hour standard as private employees, teachers would have to work an additional 3.92 hours per day, every work day.
My data source files for this analysis are posted at
For anyone who would like to check the math…
If anyone has any issues with this data or would like to discuss, you can contact me via email at email@example.com